About colors. The world around us is not black and white. It is beautiful, colorful, and it offers itself to us in a multitude of different colors. The human eye can distinguish between at least 2000 different shades of different colors and those also in many different combinations. We use and express ourselves with them. They serve as a tool for communication and help us as changing the welfare, surroundings. Using them, we also disclose our spiritual and cultural orientation. We can enrich our world with colors, making it more aesthetic and adjusted to your own needs and desires. It is also good to know something about the colors so that we do not spoil the climate in which we live.
There are three basic colors: yellow, red, and blue. These are called primary colors. They are basic because they can not be derived from other colors. When mixed, they form black. This is called subtraction of color mixtures. From the original primary colors mentioned above, they differ in that: we get them by the removal of light.
When we mix the neighboring colors, the circle, we get secondary colors: orange, violet, and green.
And if we mix the primary and secondary colors, we get tertiary colors: red-violet, red-orange, blue-green, yellow-green, blue-violet, and yellow-orange.
Harmonic colors are those who are the neighbors of the color circle. These are, for example: yellow, lemon yellow, orange-yellow, orange-brown. All 4 of these are originating from the area between yellow and orange, so they fit together nicely.
Complementary colors are those that are lying on the opposite side from one another and are generating a voltage. Yellow is complementary to purple; orange is complementary to blue, and green is complementary to red.
Warm colors are red, orange, and yellow. Cool colors are blue, green, and purple. Neutral colors are white, brown, and beige.
We practically never see a single solitary color, not even if we want to isolate it on purpose. Each has its color tone, brightness, and saturation, and is more or less under the influence of the colors that surround it, or those that form its background:
– Brightness: color on a dark background seems to be brighter than on a lighter background.
– Tint: Cyan on a green background looks bluer and on a blue background looks greener.
– Saturation: any color is greyish on the background of pure, clean tone; however, if the background is bright, it looks greyish.